Bullying victimization and student engagement in elementary, middle, and high schools: Moderating role of school climate

Chunyan Yang, Jill D. Sharkey, Lauren Reed, Chun Chen, Erin Dowdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bullying is the most common form of school violence and is associated with a range of negative outcomes, including traumatic responses. This study used hierarchical linear modeling to examine the multilevel moderating effects of school climate and school level (i.e., elementary, middle, and high schools) on the association between bullying victimization and student engagement. Participants included 25,896 students in 4th to 12th grades from 114 schools. Results indicated that, after controlling for student and school demographic factors, positive school climate was associated with higher behavioral/ cognitive and emotional engagement of students across all grades. This highlights the critical and fundamental role of positive school climate in bullying prevention and intervention, among students across all grade levels, including those with frequent bullying victimization experience. Results also showed that negative associations between student-level bullying victimization and engagement were intensified in more positive school climates. This finding suggests that, in comparison with students in schools with less positive school climates, the engagement of bullying victims in schools with a more positive school climate might be more negatively influenced by their victimization experience. Additionally, the relation between student-level bullying victimization and emotional engagement was significantly different across middle and high schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-64
Number of pages11
JournalSchool Psychology Quarterly
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Keywords

  • Bullying victimization
  • Moderating effect
  • Risk and resilience
  • School climate
  • Student engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bullying victimization and student engagement in elementary, middle, and high schools: Moderating role of school climate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this