Bryostatin 1, like the phorbol esters, activates protein kinase C. However, bryostatin 1 induces only some of the effects in cultured cells which result from phorbol ester treatment, whereas it blocks other responses to the phorbol esters. In mouse keratinocytes in particular, bryostatin 1 induces ornithine decarboxylase, a marker of proliferation, but blocks induction of markers of differentiation. Because of the postulated role of induction of differentiation in tumor promotion, we have now examined bryostatin 1 as a tumor promoter and as an inhibitor of phorbol ester tumor promotion in the initiation-promotion model of skin carcinogenesis. After initiation with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, weekly topical treatments of the backs of mice with 1 μg(1.1 nmol) bryostatin 1 induced epidermal hyperplasia and inflammation, although not to the extent seen after treatment with the promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Treatment with bryostatin 15 min before each TPA exposure reduced the phorbol ester-induced hyperplasia. Bryostatin 1 was ineffective as a complete tumor promoter and displayed very weak activity as a second stage promoter upon treatment of initiated mice for 30 weeks. Combined exposure of mice to bryostatin 1 and TPA resulted in a substantial inhibition of promotion by TPA. Our in vivo results extend earlier in vitro findings that bryostatin 1 acts as a partial inhibitor of protein kinease C function.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research