Bronchoscopic therapy with neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser during intravenous anesthesia. Effect on arterial blood gas levels, pH, hemoglobin saturation, and production of abnormal hemoglobin

W. M. Brutinel, J. C. McDougall, Denis Cortese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photoresection with the neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd-YAG) laser has been shown to be an effective bronchoscopic treatment for patients with obstructive lesions of the airway. We monitored levels of arterial blood gases, carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, and sulfmethemoglobin, and the hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter in patients during intravenous anesthesia. The measurements were made after induction but before treatment with the Nd-YAG laser, during treatment, and immediately after treatment. Thirteen patients were entered into the study, ten of whom were used for statistical analysis. Partial arterial oxygen pressure decreased significantly during treatment (p<0.001). The alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference increased significantly during treatment (p<0.0025). The partial arterial carbon dioxide pressure increased significantly (p<0.005). The pH decreased significantly (p<0.02). No statistically significant change was found in the levels of carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, or sulfmethemoglobin. Comparison of arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation and hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter revealed no statistically significant difference in the two methods. During the procedure, careful attention must be given to the patient's oxygenation and ventilation. These variables can be monitored satisfactorily during general anesthesia by the use of an ear oximeter and endtidal carbon dioxide analyzer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-521
Number of pages4
JournalChest
Volume84
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

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Abnormal Hemoglobins
Neodymium
Intravenous Anesthesia
Solid-State Lasers
Hemoglobins
Gases
Oxygen
Ear
Methemoglobin
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Dioxide
Arterial Pressure
Therapeutics
General Anesthesia
Ventilation
Pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Bronchoscopic therapy with neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser during intravenous anesthesia. Effect on arterial blood gas levels, pH, hemoglobin saturation, and production of abnormal hemoglobin",
abstract = "Photoresection with the neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd-YAG) laser has been shown to be an effective bronchoscopic treatment for patients with obstructive lesions of the airway. We monitored levels of arterial blood gases, carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, and sulfmethemoglobin, and the hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter in patients during intravenous anesthesia. The measurements were made after induction but before treatment with the Nd-YAG laser, during treatment, and immediately after treatment. Thirteen patients were entered into the study, ten of whom were used for statistical analysis. Partial arterial oxygen pressure decreased significantly during treatment (p<0.001). The alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference increased significantly during treatment (p<0.0025). The partial arterial carbon dioxide pressure increased significantly (p<0.005). The pH decreased significantly (p<0.02). No statistically significant change was found in the levels of carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, or sulfmethemoglobin. Comparison of arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation and hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter revealed no statistically significant difference in the two methods. During the procedure, careful attention must be given to the patient's oxygenation and ventilation. These variables can be monitored satisfactorily during general anesthesia by the use of an ear oximeter and endtidal carbon dioxide analyzer.",
author = "Brutinel, {W. M.} and McDougall, {J. C.} and Denis Cortese",
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T1 - Bronchoscopic therapy with neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser during intravenous anesthesia. Effect on arterial blood gas levels, pH, hemoglobin saturation, and production of abnormal hemoglobin

AU - Brutinel, W. M.

AU - McDougall, J. C.

AU - Cortese, Denis

PY - 1983

Y1 - 1983

N2 - Photoresection with the neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd-YAG) laser has been shown to be an effective bronchoscopic treatment for patients with obstructive lesions of the airway. We monitored levels of arterial blood gases, carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, and sulfmethemoglobin, and the hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter in patients during intravenous anesthesia. The measurements were made after induction but before treatment with the Nd-YAG laser, during treatment, and immediately after treatment. Thirteen patients were entered into the study, ten of whom were used for statistical analysis. Partial arterial oxygen pressure decreased significantly during treatment (p<0.001). The alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference increased significantly during treatment (p<0.0025). The partial arterial carbon dioxide pressure increased significantly (p<0.005). The pH decreased significantly (p<0.02). No statistically significant change was found in the levels of carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, or sulfmethemoglobin. Comparison of arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation and hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter revealed no statistically significant difference in the two methods. During the procedure, careful attention must be given to the patient's oxygenation and ventilation. These variables can be monitored satisfactorily during general anesthesia by the use of an ear oximeter and endtidal carbon dioxide analyzer.

AB - Photoresection with the neodymium-yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Nd-YAG) laser has been shown to be an effective bronchoscopic treatment for patients with obstructive lesions of the airway. We monitored levels of arterial blood gases, carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, and sulfmethemoglobin, and the hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter in patients during intravenous anesthesia. The measurements were made after induction but before treatment with the Nd-YAG laser, during treatment, and immediately after treatment. Thirteen patients were entered into the study, ten of whom were used for statistical analysis. Partial arterial oxygen pressure decreased significantly during treatment (p<0.001). The alveolar-arterial oxygen pressure difference increased significantly during treatment (p<0.0025). The partial arterial carbon dioxide pressure increased significantly (p<0.005). The pH decreased significantly (p<0.02). No statistically significant change was found in the levels of carbon monoxide, methemoglobin, or sulfmethemoglobin. Comparison of arterial hemoglobin oxygen saturation and hemoglobin oxygen saturation by ear oximeter revealed no statistically significant difference in the two methods. During the procedure, careful attention must be given to the patient's oxygenation and ventilation. These variables can be monitored satisfactorily during general anesthesia by the use of an ear oximeter and endtidal carbon dioxide analyzer.

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