Breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation above the melting temperature in a liquid phase-change material

Shuai Wei, Zach Evenson, Moritz Stolpe, Pierre Lucas, Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The dynamic properties of liquid phase-change materials (PCMs), such as viscosity h and the atomic self-diffusion coefficient D, play an essential role in the ultrafast phase switching behavior of novel nonvolatile phase-change memory applications. To connect h to D, the Stokes-Einstein relation (SER) is commonly assumed to be valid at high temperatures near or above the melting temperature Tm and is often used for assessing liquid fragility (or crystal growth velocity) of technologically important PCMs. However, using quasi-elastic neutron scattering, we provide experimental evidence for a breakdown of the SER even at temperatures above Tm in the high–atomic mobility state of a PCM, Ge1Sb2Te4. This implies that although viscosity may have strongly increased during cooling, diffusivity can remain high owing to early decoupling, being a favorable feature for the fast phase switching behavior of the high-fluidity PCM. We discuss the origin of the observation and propose the possible connection to a metal-semiconductor and fragile-strong transition hidden below Tm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereaat8632
JournalScience advances
Volume4
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 2018

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phase change materials
liquid phases
breakdown
melting
viscosity
temperature
decoupling
dynamic characteristics
diffusivity
crystal growth
elastic scattering
neutron scattering
diffusion coefficient
cooling
liquids
metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation above the melting temperature in a liquid phase-change material. / Wei, Shuai; Evenson, Zach; Stolpe, Moritz; Lucas, Pierre; Angell, Charles.

In: Science advances, Vol. 4, No. 11, eaat8632, 30.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wei, Shuai ; Evenson, Zach ; Stolpe, Moritz ; Lucas, Pierre ; Angell, Charles. / Breakdown of the Stokes-Einstein relation above the melting temperature in a liquid phase-change material. In: Science advances. 2018 ; Vol. 4, No. 11.
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