Brazil's ethanol program: The case of hidden sugar subsidies

Troy Schmitz, Andrew Schmitz, James L. Seale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brazil is the world's largest producer and exporter of sugarcane, and the world's third largest consumer of sugar. Brazil produces sugarcane-refined sugar for human use as well as anhydrous and hydrous alcohol, which are used mainly as a blend when converting alcohol to domestically consumed gasoline. Over 50 percent of Brazil's sugarcane production is converted into fuel for automobile use. Brazil's fuel policy provides a hidden subsidy to Brazilian sugarcane farmers. We show that changes in the ethanol program, in the direction of Increasing blend ratios, transfer more than 100 million U.S. dollars annually in the form of hidden subsidies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-265
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Sugar Journal
Volume105
Issue number1254
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Saccharum
subsidies
Brazil
sugarcane
Ethanol
ethanol
sugars
alcohols
Alcohols
refined sugar
Gasoline
Automobiles
gasoline
automobiles
developing countries
farmers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science

Cite this

Brazil's ethanol program : The case of hidden sugar subsidies. / Schmitz, Troy; Schmitz, Andrew; Seale, James L.

In: International Sugar Journal, Vol. 105, No. 1254, 06.2003, p. 254-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schmitz, T, Schmitz, A & Seale, JL 2003, 'Brazil's ethanol program: The case of hidden sugar subsidies', International Sugar Journal, vol. 105, no. 1254, pp. 254-265.
Schmitz, Troy ; Schmitz, Andrew ; Seale, James L. / Brazil's ethanol program : The case of hidden sugar subsidies. In: International Sugar Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 105, No. 1254. pp. 254-265.
@article{cead6c1589524929bc2f83f9d32fb474,
title = "Brazil's ethanol program: The case of hidden sugar subsidies",
abstract = "Brazil is the world's largest producer and exporter of sugarcane, and the world's third largest consumer of sugar. Brazil produces sugarcane-refined sugar for human use as well as anhydrous and hydrous alcohol, which are used mainly as a blend when converting alcohol to domestically consumed gasoline. Over 50 percent of Brazil's sugarcane production is converted into fuel for automobile use. Brazil's fuel policy provides a hidden subsidy to Brazilian sugarcane farmers. We show that changes in the ethanol program, in the direction of Increasing blend ratios, transfer more than 100 million U.S. dollars annually in the form of hidden subsidies.",
author = "Troy Schmitz and Andrew Schmitz and Seale, {James L.}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "105",
pages = "254--265",
journal = "International Sugar Journal",
issn = "0020-8841",
publisher = "Agra Europe Ltd.",
number = "1254",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brazil's ethanol program

T2 - The case of hidden sugar subsidies

AU - Schmitz, Troy

AU - Schmitz, Andrew

AU - Seale, James L.

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - Brazil is the world's largest producer and exporter of sugarcane, and the world's third largest consumer of sugar. Brazil produces sugarcane-refined sugar for human use as well as anhydrous and hydrous alcohol, which are used mainly as a blend when converting alcohol to domestically consumed gasoline. Over 50 percent of Brazil's sugarcane production is converted into fuel for automobile use. Brazil's fuel policy provides a hidden subsidy to Brazilian sugarcane farmers. We show that changes in the ethanol program, in the direction of Increasing blend ratios, transfer more than 100 million U.S. dollars annually in the form of hidden subsidies.

AB - Brazil is the world's largest producer and exporter of sugarcane, and the world's third largest consumer of sugar. Brazil produces sugarcane-refined sugar for human use as well as anhydrous and hydrous alcohol, which are used mainly as a blend when converting alcohol to domestically consumed gasoline. Over 50 percent of Brazil's sugarcane production is converted into fuel for automobile use. Brazil's fuel policy provides a hidden subsidy to Brazilian sugarcane farmers. We show that changes in the ethanol program, in the direction of Increasing blend ratios, transfer more than 100 million U.S. dollars annually in the form of hidden subsidies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037732530&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037732530&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0037732530

VL - 105

SP - 254

EP - 265

JO - International Sugar Journal

JF - International Sugar Journal

SN - 0020-8841

IS - 1254

ER -