A simplified procedure for casein kinase 2 purification from bovine brain is described. The purification procedure consists of two affinity chromatography steps, using heparin and polyethylenimine immobilized on a synthetic matrix (Toyopearl 650M). The adsorption and elution conditions for each column were optimized, resulting in a simple elution protocol for each column. A stable, highly purified casein kinase 2 preparation was obtained in 4 h using this procedure. Polyethylenimine was shown to stimulate the casein kinase 2 activity using exogeneous substrates (casein, calmodulin, MAP2, and tau) but not the enzyme's autophosphorylation activity. The polyethylenimine stimulation could be overcome by applying a mass excess of the casein kinase 2 inhibitor, heparin.
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