Both positional isomers of aminoacyl-tRNA's are bound by elongation factor Tu.

B. L. Alford, J. M. Pezzuto, K. H. Tan, Sidney Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Six purified Escherichia coli and yeast tRNA's were converted to positionally defined tRNA's terminating in 2'- and 3'-deoxyadenosine; the modified (amino-acyl) tRNA's were compared for their abilities to bind to elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) in the presence both of GTP and guanylylimidodiphosphate (GMP-P(NH)P). Formation of aminoacyl-tRNA . EF-Tu . guanine nucleotide ternary complexes was monitored by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 and Ultrogel ACA 44 columns and also by measurement of the ability of the factor to diminish the rate of chemical hydrolysis of the aminoacyl-tRNA's. The apparent positional specificity of the factor was found to be affected substantially both by the choice of guanine nucleotide and gel filtration resin utilized, but not in any systematic fashion. Likewise, assay of ternary complex formation by diminution of the rate of chemical deacylation failed to reveal any consistent positional preference from one isoacceptor to another. It is worthy of note that each modified aminoacyl-tRNA tested did form a ternary complex with EF-Tu under each of the experimental conditions used for assay, but that in each case the difference in affinity of the factor for isomeric aminoacyl-tRNA's was less than that between either of the modified aminoacyl-tRNA's and the corresponding unmodified species. On the basis of the experiments performed, we conclude that (i) EF-Tu has remarkable conformation flexibility, possibly reflecting its physiological role in recognizing 20 tRNA isoacceptors and (ii) the factor has no obvious preference for a single positional isomer of aminoacyl-tRNA and it is not clear that any preference that might exist could be established convincingly using tRNA's terminating in 2'- and 3'-deoxyadenosine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6894-6903
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume254
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 10 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Peptide Elongation Factors
Transfer RNA
Isomers
Peptide Elongation Factor Tu
Guanine Nucleotides
RNA, Transfer, Amino Acyl
Gel Chromatography
Assays
Gels
Guanylyl Imidodiphosphate
Guanosine Triphosphate
Yeast
Escherichia coli
Conformations
Hydrolysis
Resins
Yeasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Both positional isomers of aminoacyl-tRNA's are bound by elongation factor Tu. / Alford, B. L.; Pezzuto, J. M.; Tan, K. H.; Hecht, Sidney.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 254, No. 15, 10.08.1979, p. 6894-6903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alford, B. L. ; Pezzuto, J. M. ; Tan, K. H. ; Hecht, Sidney. / Both positional isomers of aminoacyl-tRNA's are bound by elongation factor Tu. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1979 ; Vol. 254, No. 15. pp. 6894-6903.
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