Boron isotope geochemistry during diagenesis. Part I. Experimental determination of fractionation during illitization of smectite

Lynda Williams, Richard Hervig, John R. Holloway, Ian Hutcheon

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Abstract

Experiments were performed to measure the isotopic fractionation of boron between illite/smectite (I/S) clay minerals and water as a function of temperature (300° and 350°C) and degree of illitization. Corresponding changes in the oxygen isotopes were monitored as an indication of the approach to equilibrium. The kinetics of the B-isotope exchange follows the mineralogical restructuring of smectite as it recrystallizes to illite. An initial decline in δ11BI/S occurs when the I/S is randomly ordered (RO). The δ11BI/S values reach a plateau during R1 ordering of the I/S, representing a metastable condition. The greatest change in δ11BI/S is observed during long-range (R3) ordering of the I/S when neoformation occurs. Values of δ11BI/S measured on the equilibrium reaction products were used to construct a B-isotope fraction curve. There is a linear correlation among data from these experiments and 1100°C basaltic melt-fluid fractionation experiments (Hervig and Moore, 2000) that can be extrapolated to include adsorption experiments at 25°C (Palmer et al., 1987). Unlike other stable isotopic systems (e.g., oxygen) there is no mineral-specific fractionation of B-isotopes, but rather a coordination dependence of the fractionation. Under diagenetic conditions B is predominantly in trigonal coordination in fluids but substitutes in tetrahedral sites of silicates. The preference of 10B for tetrahedral bonds is the major fractionating factor of B in silicates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1769-1782
Number of pages14
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume65
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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boron isotope
illitization
Boron
Geochemistry
Fractionation
Isotopes
illite
smectite
diagenesis
fractionation
geochemistry
Silicates
isotope
Oxygen Isotopes
silicate
experiment
Experiments
Mineral Waters
Fluids
fluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Boron isotope geochemistry during diagenesis. Part I. Experimental determination of fractionation during illitization of smectite. / Williams, Lynda; Hervig, Richard; Holloway, John R.; Hutcheon, Ian.

In: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 65, No. 11, 2001, p. 1769-1782.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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