Border complexity, tourism and international exclaves A case study

Alon Gelbman, Dallen Timothy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Communities living in border areas often find themselves in a complex reality of living " in the middle," between two societies and cultures, between two economic systems and in the shadow of changing international relations. This reality may be confusing but it also contains the potential seeds for economic development in various sectors, especially tourism. This research examines the development of tourism in exclaves, one of the most unique forms of borderland attractions/destinations in the world today. The paper presents a typology of the physical, social and cultural elements that have potential for tourism development in exclaves, using Belgian Baarle-Hertog and Dutch Baarle-Nassau as empirical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)110-131
Number of pages22
JournalAnnals of Tourism Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Border communities
  • International exclaves/enclaves
  • Territoriality
  • Tourism development
  • Transnational identity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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