The temperature dependence of the configurational entropy Sc for 16 molecular liquids plus the elemental liquid Se in the temperature range between the glass transition temperature and the melting point has been analyzed using the bond lattice or excitation model. The model contains three adjustable parameters - the excitation enthalpy ΔH0 and entropy ΔS0 for the excitable degrees of freedom, plus the number n of excitable degrees of freedom per molecule. The model gives a reasonably accurate fit to the temperature dependence of Sc for all 17 liquids, providing something of a resolution to the Kauzmann paradox. Not unexpectedly, however, the model falls somewhat short of matching precisely the temperature dependence of the excess liquid heat capacity ΔCP. The parameter n obtained from the fits shows a positive correlation with the number of conformational degrees of freedom f assessed from the structures of the molecules, providing some insight into the sources of the configurational entropy at the molecular level. In addition, it is found that the parameter n controls the shape of the Sc vs T curve, providing, via the Adam-Gibbs equation, some correlation between the molecular structures and the kinetic fragilities m of the liquids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry