Body fat distribution and hemodynamic stress responses in premenopausal obese women: A preliminary study

Mary C. Davis, Elizabeth W. Twamley, Nancy A. Hamilton, Pamela D. Swan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine the relationship between body fat distribution and hemodynamic stress responses, cardiovascular responses to a speech task and a forehead cold pressor task were evaluated with 24 premenopausal women classified a priori as either centrally or peripherally obese. Results showed that women with central adiposity exhibited greater stress-related increases in diastolic blood pressure and total peripheral resistance, whereas women with peripheral adiposity exhibited greater stress-related increases in cardiac output. Depression, self-consciousness, hostility, and mood scores did not explain significant variance in the stress response differences between regional adiposity groups. The findings suggest that central adiposity may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in women at least in part by enhancing vascular responses to stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-633
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

Keywords

  • Body fat distribution
  • Stress reactivity
  • Waist-to-hip ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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