Body composition and performance in shot put athletes at preseason and at competition

Thomas Kyriazis, Gerasimos Terzis, Giorgos Karampatsos, Stavros Kavouras, Giorgos Georgiadis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship between fat-free mass and shot put performance at the beginning of the winter preparation cycleand at the first peak of the season (12 wk later) in well-trained shot-putters using the rotational style. Methods: Eight national-level shot put athletes followed their individual training programs for a period of 12 wk aiming at the national indoor championship. Shot put performance with the rotational style as well as from the power position was determined before and after this 12 wk period. Body composition was determined before and after the training period with dual x-ray absorptiometry. Results: Shot put from the power position was increased by 3% (P = .03) while shot put with the rotational style was increased by 6.5% (P < .01). Fat-free mass, body fat and bone mineral density were not altered after the training period. The correlation coefficient between fat-free mass and shot put performance from the power position was significant (r = .76 preseason vs r = .66, competition; P < .05). The correlation coefficient between fat-free mass and shot put performance with the rotational style was significant at the beginning of the training period (r = .70, P < .05) but it was decreased to moderate and nonsignificant levels at competition (r = .55, ns). Conclusions: These results suggest that the increase of fat-free mass might not be the most essential element for competition when the rotational shot putstyle is involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)417-421
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Athletic training
  • Body composition
  • Exercise training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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