Biotic responses buffer warming-induced soil organic carbon loss in Arctic tundra

Junyi Liang, Jiangyang Xia, Zheng Shi, Lifen Jiang, Shuang Ma, Xingjie Lu, Marguerite Mauritz, Susan M. Natali, Elaine Pegoraro, Christopher Penton, César Plaza, Verity G. Salmon, Gerardo Celis, James R. Cole, Konstantinos T. Konstantinidis, James M. Tiedje, Jizhong Zhou, Edward A.G. Schuur, Yiqi Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Climate warming can result in both abiotic (e.g., permafrost thaw) and biotic (e.g., microbial functional genes) changes in Arctic tundra. Recent research has incorporated dynamic permafrost thaw in Earth system models (ESMs) and indicates that Arctic tundra could be a significant future carbon (C) source due to the enhanced decomposition of thawed deep soil C. However, warming-induced biotic changes may influence biologically related parameters and the consequent projections in ESMs. How model parameters associated with biotic responses will change under warming and to what extent these changes affect projected C budgets have not been carefully examined. In this study, we synthesized six data sets over 5 years from a soil warming experiment at the Eight Mile Lake, Alaska, into the Terrestrial ECOsystem (TECO) model with a probabilistic inversion approach. The TECO model used multiple soil layers to track dynamics of thawed soil under different treatments. Our results show that warming increased light use efficiency of vegetation photosynthesis but decreased baseline (i.e., environment-corrected) turnover rates of SOC in both the fast and slow pools in comparison with those under control. Moreover, the parameter changes generally amplified over time, suggesting processes of gradual physiological acclimation and functional gene shifts of both plants and microbes. The TECO model predicted that field warming from 2009 to 2013 resulted in cumulative C losses of 224 or 87 g/m2, respectively, without or with changes in those parameters. Thus, warming-induced parameter changes reduced predicted soil C loss by 61%. Our study suggests that it is critical to incorporate biotic changes in ESMs to improve the model performance in predicting C dynamics in permafrost regions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4946-4959
Number of pages14
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • acclimation
  • biotic responses
  • carbon modeling
  • climate warming
  • data assimilation
  • permafrost
  • soil carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Liang, J., Xia, J., Shi, Z., Jiang, L., Ma, S., Lu, X., Mauritz, M., Natali, S. M., Pegoraro, E., Penton, C., Plaza, C., Salmon, V. G., Celis, G., Cole, J. R., Konstantinidis, K. T., Tiedje, J. M., Zhou, J., Schuur, E. A. G., & Luo, Y. (2018). Biotic responses buffer warming-induced soil organic carbon loss in Arctic tundra. Global Change Biology, 24(10), 4946-4959. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14325