Biomarkers for evaluating the effects of exercise interventions in patients with MCI or dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Xiuxiu Huang, Xiaoyan Zhao, Bei Li, Ying Cai, Shifang Zhang, Fang Yu, Qiaoqin Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To summarize the biomarkers for evaluating the effects of exercise interventions in patients with cognitive impairment associated with aging, as well as their responses to exercise interventions. Design: A systematic review and meta-analysis Methods: We systematically searched different electronic database, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Web of Science, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus up to April 2020. Clinical controlled trials with exercise interventions in patients with cognitive impairment were included. The main outcomes included all the biomarkers used to evaluate the effects of exercise interventions. If data for certain biomarkers was enough (more than 2 studies), meta-analyses would be performed to estimate the effect sizes by calculating the standard mean differences (SMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Finally, we included 33 articles from 26 trials. The biomarkers included neurotrophic factors, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress markers, neuropathological hallmarks, metabolic biomarkers and genotypes. The meta-analyses indicated that exercise significantly decreased the levels of IL-6 (SMD = −0.45; 95% CI: −0.72, −0.18) and low-density lipoprotein (SMD = −0.26; 95% CI: −0.50, −0.01). Subgroup analyses showed that aerobic exercise also could decrease the levels of TNF-α (SMD = −1.21; 95% CI: −2.29, −0.14). There were some important cognition-related biomarkers which were rarely measured, such as Aβ, tau and IGF-1. Conclusion: Regular exercise showed positive effects on reducing inflammation and regulating lipid metabolism. But the available evidence is limited and more studies with different exercise interventions should be conducted to test the effects of exercise on other important cognition-related biomarkers in patients with cognitive dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111424
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Dementia
  • Exercise
  • Mild cognitive impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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