Biological and spatial structure of an early classic period cemetery at Charco Redondo, Oaxaca

Kathleen S. Paul, Christopher Stojanowski, Michelle M. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article presents an analysis of biological and spatial patterning of an Early Classic (A.D. 250-500) Chatino cemetery at the archaeological site of Charco Redondo, located in the lower Río Verde Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. The Early Classic was a time of political instability positioned between two phases of state-level centralization within the coastal valley. The communal cemetery at Charco Redondo adds significantly to the inventory of excavated graves from this time period and provides novel data on mortuary practices during a critical phase in the development of state level polities in the region. Cluster analysis of mortuary data is combined with intracemetery biodistance approaches to reconstruct how the Charco Redondo cemetery was organized with respect to biological relationships. Cluster analysis of mortuary data identified three groupings of burials. Multidimensional scaling of Euclidean distances and Gower coefficients based on 45 odontometric and 13 dental morphological variables suggests a strong relationship between grave characteristics and locations and phenotypic variation. In other words, the cemetery at Charco Redondo appears biologically kin-structured. The communal nature of the cemetery conflicts with the assumed "household" burial model for this time period. We propose the observed combination of features represents a transitional practice in which aspects of community, kin, and individual identity were signaled simultaneously within the funerary environment during a time of political transition in the Valley. This article highlights the utility of intracemetery biodistance analyses for examining dimensions of kinship, "house," and community throughout Mesoamerica where overarching models often mask regional variability. Am J Phys Anthropol 152:217-229, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-229
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume152
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Fingerprint

Cemeteries
cemetery
Burial
Mortuary Practice
cluster analysis
funeral
Cluster Analysis
Spatial Analysis
multidimensional scaling
centralization
Masks
Mexico
kinship
grouping
community
Tooth
Equipment and Supplies
time

Keywords

  • biodistance
  • dental anthropology
  • intracemetery analysis
  • kinship analysis
  • Oaxaca

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Anatomy

Cite this

Biological and spatial structure of an early classic period cemetery at Charco Redondo, Oaxaca. / Paul, Kathleen S.; Stojanowski, Christopher; Butler, Michelle M.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 152, No. 2, 10.2013, p. 217-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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