Biogeography in the air

Fungal diversity over land and oceans

J. Fröhlich-Nowoisky, S. M. Burrows, Z. Xie, G. Engling, P. A. Solomon, Matthew Fraser, O. L. Mayol-Bracero, P. Artaxo, D. Begerow, R. Conrad, M. O. Andreae, V. R. Després, U. Pöschl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogenic aerosols are relevant for the Earth system, climate, and public health on local, regional, and global scales. Up to now, however, little is known about the diversity and biogeography of airborne microorganisms. We present the first DNA-based analysis of airborne fungi on global scales, showing pronounced geographic patterns and boundaries. In particular we find that the ratio of species richness between Basidiomycota and Ascomycota is much higher in continental air than in marine air. This may be an important difference between the "blue ocean" and "green ocean" regimes in the formation of clouds and precipitation, for which fungal spores can act as nuclei. Our findings also suggest that air flow patterns and the global atmospheric circulation are important for the understanding of global changes in biodiversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1125-1136
Number of pages12
JournalBiogeosciences
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Fingerprint

airborne microorganisms
biogeography
oceans
atmospheric circulation
air
fungal spores
ocean
aerosols
global change
Basidiomycota
air flow
Ascomycota
flow pattern
airflow
public health
spore
species richness
microorganism
fungus
biodiversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J., Burrows, S. M., Xie, Z., Engling, G., Solomon, P. A., Fraser, M., ... Pöschl, U. (2012). Biogeography in the air: Fungal diversity over land and oceans. Biogeosciences, 9(3), 1125-1136. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-1125-2012

Biogeography in the air : Fungal diversity over land and oceans. / Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J.; Burrows, S. M.; Xie, Z.; Engling, G.; Solomon, P. A.; Fraser, Matthew; Mayol-Bracero, O. L.; Artaxo, P.; Begerow, D.; Conrad, R.; Andreae, M. O.; Després, V. R.; Pöschl, U.

In: Biogeosciences, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2012, p. 1125-1136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J, Burrows, SM, Xie, Z, Engling, G, Solomon, PA, Fraser, M, Mayol-Bracero, OL, Artaxo, P, Begerow, D, Conrad, R, Andreae, MO, Després, VR & Pöschl, U 2012, 'Biogeography in the air: Fungal diversity over land and oceans', Biogeosciences, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1125-1136. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-1125-2012
Fröhlich-Nowoisky J, Burrows SM, Xie Z, Engling G, Solomon PA, Fraser M et al. Biogeography in the air: Fungal diversity over land and oceans. Biogeosciences. 2012;9(3):1125-1136. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-1125-2012
Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J. ; Burrows, S. M. ; Xie, Z. ; Engling, G. ; Solomon, P. A. ; Fraser, Matthew ; Mayol-Bracero, O. L. ; Artaxo, P. ; Begerow, D. ; Conrad, R. ; Andreae, M. O. ; Després, V. R. ; Pöschl, U. / Biogeography in the air : Fungal diversity over land and oceans. In: Biogeosciences. 2012 ; Vol. 9, No. 3. pp. 1125-1136.
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