Biodiesel production from low cost and renewable feedstock

Veera G. Gude, Georgene E. Grant, Prafulla D. Patil, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustainable biodiesel production should: a) utilize low cost renewable feedstock; b) utilize energy-efficient, non-conventional heating and mixing techniques; c) increase net energy benefit of the process; and d) utilize renewable feedstock/energy sources where possible. In this paper, we discuss the merits of biodiesel production following these criteria supported by the experimental results obtained from the process optimization studies. Waste cooking oil, non-edible (low-cost) oils (Jatropha curcas and Camelina Sativa) and algae were used as feedstock for biodiesel process optimization. A comparison between conventional and non-conventional methods such as microwaves and ultrasound was reported. Finally, net energy scenarios for different biodiesel feedstock options and algae are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-605
Number of pages11
JournalCentral European Journal of Engineering
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Algae
  • Biodiesel
  • Energy balance
  • Microwaves and ultrasound
  • Non-conventional techniques
  • Sustainability
  • Waste cooking oils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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