Batch experiments on the simultaneous utilization of phenol (primary substrate) and 4-chlorophenol (cometabolic secondary substrate) demonstrated two critical substrate interactions. First, the cometabolic degradation of 4-chlorophenol was proportional to the rate of phenol oxidation, which provided the electrons for the initial monooxygenase reaction. Second, 4-chlorophenol inhibited the oxidation of the primary substrate, phenol. Modeling analyses of the degradation of phenol alone and of phenol and 4-chlorophenol together showed that the proportionality between phenol and 4-chlorophenol degradation rates averaged 0.1 mg 4-CP/mg phenol, which corresponds to 0.5% of the electrons generated by phenol oxidation being used as a cosubstrate for the monooxygenase reaction of 4-chlorophenol. In addition, modeling analyses suggest that 4-chlorophenol was a noncompetitive inhibitor of phenol oxidation for high phenol concentrations, but a competitive inhibitor for low phenol concentrations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||19|
|State||Published - Mar 1 1993|
- substrate interactions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry