Biocultural aspects of obesity in young Mexican schoolchildren

Alexandra Slade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity related to over-nutrition is investigated in a sample of 219 Mexican children from affluent families, ages 6-12 years. Defined as weight-for-age at or above the 95th percentile, obesity rates in middle childhood are very high in this population, being 24.2% of children (29.4% of boys and 19.1% of girls). Binary logistic regression shows that children are more likely to be obese if they are boys, from small households with few or no other children, and have more permissive, less authoritarian parents. Diet at school and activity patterns, including television viewing, are not different for boys and girls and so do not explain this gender variation. The value placed on children, especially sons, in smaller middle-class families, can result in indulgent feeding because food treats are a cultural index of parental caring. Parents also value child fatness as a sign of health. These obese Mexican children have no greater social problems (peer rejection or stigma) or psychological problems (anxiety, depression, or low self esteem) than their non-obese peers. More study specifically focused on feeding practices in the home environment is required to explain very high rates of child obesity. The differences in obesity risk related to specific aspects of children's developmental microniche emphasize the importance of including a focus on gender as a socio-ecological construct in human biological studies of child growth, development, and nutrition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-460
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Human Biology
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2003
Externally publishedYes

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obesity
school children
schoolchild
Obesity
peers
Parents
nutrition
social problems
gender
child growth
self-esteem
parents
television
childhood obesity
young
Pediatric Obesity
Social Problems
Television
middle-class family
anxiety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Biocultural aspects of obesity in young Mexican schoolchildren. / Slade, Alexandra.

In: American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 15, No. 3, 05.2003, p. 446-460.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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