Biochemical evidence for a 170-kilodalton, AF-2-dependent vitamin D receptor/retinoid X receptor coactivator that is highly expressed in osteoblasts

Peter Jurutka, Lenore S. Remus, G. Kerr Whitfield, Michael A. Galligan, Carol A. Haussler, Mark R. Haussler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations


Human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) fused to glutathione S-transferase was utilized to detect a VDR-interacting protein (VIP) of approximately 170 kDa. VIP170 is expressed in osteoblast-like ROS 17/2.8 cells and, to a lesser extent, in COS-7 and HeLa cells. VIP170 may be a coactivator because it interacts only with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) ligand-bound hVDR and because a mutation (E420A) in the activation function-2 (AF-2) of hVDR abolishes both receptor-mediated transactivation and VIP170 binding. Unlike L254G hVDR, a heterodimerization mutant with an intact AF-2, the E420A mutant is only partially attenuated in its association with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) DNA-binding partner. Finally, the ability of overexpressed hVDR to squelch glucocorticoid receptor-mediated transactivation is lost in both the L254G and E420A mutants. These results suggest that several protein-protein interactions, including VDR association with RXR and VIP170 are required for stabilization of a multimeric complex that transduces the signal for 1,25(OH)2D3-elicited transactivation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 27 2000


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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