Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and light element abundance estimates

Lawrence Krauss, Peter J. Kernan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To elucidate the significance of the effect of systematic uncertainties in light element abundance estimates on cosmological bounds derivable from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) we present tables giving bounds on Ωbaryon and Nv as one changes the limits on primordial 4He and 7Li. This allows us to derive new relations between these estimates and constraints on Ωbaryon and Nv. For example, only if the helium mass fraction, Yp ≥.245 does 7Li (or D) presently play a role in placing an upper limit on the baryon density, and only if Yp >/.250 does 4He cease to play a role in bounding η10. All the elements combine together tend to give a stringent upper bound of.16 on Ωbaryon. We also find that Υ{hooked}P must exceed .239 for consistency between theory and observation if D+ 3He H is less than 10-4. Updated nuclear reaction rates, an updated neutron half life, Monte Carlo techniques, and correlations between the predicted abundances are incorporated in our analysis. We also discuss the handling of systematic uncertainties in the context of statistical analyses of BBN predictions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)347-353
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters B
Volume347
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

light elements
nuclear fusion
baryons
estimates
nuclear reactions
half life
reaction kinetics
helium
neutrons
predictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and light element abundance estimates. / Krauss, Lawrence; Kernan, Peter J.

In: Physics Letters B, Vol. 347, No. 3-4, 23.03.1995, p. 347-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krauss, Lawrence ; Kernan, Peter J. / Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and light element abundance estimates. In: Physics Letters B. 1995 ; Vol. 347, No. 3-4. pp. 347-353.
@article{c1470e9c3dd94567b44242acaf5a349f,
title = "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and light element abundance estimates",
abstract = "To elucidate the significance of the effect of systematic uncertainties in light element abundance estimates on cosmological bounds derivable from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) we present tables giving bounds on Ωbaryon and Nv as one changes the limits on primordial 4He and 7Li. This allows us to derive new relations between these estimates and constraints on Ωbaryon and Nv. For example, only if the helium mass fraction, Yp ≥.245 does 7Li (or D) presently play a role in placing an upper limit on the baryon density, and only if Yp >/.250 does 4He cease to play a role in bounding η10. All the elements combine together tend to give a stringent upper bound of.16 on Ωbaryon. We also find that Υ{hooked}P must exceed .239 for consistency between theory and observation if D+ 3He H is less than 10-4. Updated nuclear reaction rates, an updated neutron half life, Monte Carlo techniques, and correlations between the predicted abundances are incorporated in our analysis. We also discuss the handling of systematic uncertainties in the context of statistical analyses of BBN predictions.",
author = "Lawrence Krauss and Kernan, {Peter J.}",
year = "1995",
month = "3",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1016/0370-2693(95)00082-V",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "347",
pages = "347--353",
journal = "Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics",
issn = "0370-2693",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3-4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Big Bang Nucleosynthesis constraints and light element abundance estimates

AU - Krauss, Lawrence

AU - Kernan, Peter J.

PY - 1995/3/23

Y1 - 1995/3/23

N2 - To elucidate the significance of the effect of systematic uncertainties in light element abundance estimates on cosmological bounds derivable from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) we present tables giving bounds on Ωbaryon and Nv as one changes the limits on primordial 4He and 7Li. This allows us to derive new relations between these estimates and constraints on Ωbaryon and Nv. For example, only if the helium mass fraction, Yp ≥.245 does 7Li (or D) presently play a role in placing an upper limit on the baryon density, and only if Yp >/.250 does 4He cease to play a role in bounding η10. All the elements combine together tend to give a stringent upper bound of.16 on Ωbaryon. We also find that Υ{hooked}P must exceed .239 for consistency between theory and observation if D+ 3He H is less than 10-4. Updated nuclear reaction rates, an updated neutron half life, Monte Carlo techniques, and correlations between the predicted abundances are incorporated in our analysis. We also discuss the handling of systematic uncertainties in the context of statistical analyses of BBN predictions.

AB - To elucidate the significance of the effect of systematic uncertainties in light element abundance estimates on cosmological bounds derivable from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis (BBN) we present tables giving bounds on Ωbaryon and Nv as one changes the limits on primordial 4He and 7Li. This allows us to derive new relations between these estimates and constraints on Ωbaryon and Nv. For example, only if the helium mass fraction, Yp ≥.245 does 7Li (or D) presently play a role in placing an upper limit on the baryon density, and only if Yp >/.250 does 4He cease to play a role in bounding η10. All the elements combine together tend to give a stringent upper bound of.16 on Ωbaryon. We also find that Υ{hooked}P must exceed .239 for consistency between theory and observation if D+ 3He H is less than 10-4. Updated nuclear reaction rates, an updated neutron half life, Monte Carlo techniques, and correlations between the predicted abundances are incorporated in our analysis. We also discuss the handling of systematic uncertainties in the context of statistical analyses of BBN predictions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0542423017&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0542423017&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00082-V

DO - 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00082-V

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0542423017

VL - 347

SP - 347

EP - 353

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -