Bidirectional associations between parenting behavior and child callous-unemotional traits: Does parental depression moderate this link?

Amber Wimsatt Childs, Paula J. Fite, Todd M. Moore, John E. Lochman, Dustin A. Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study longitudinally examined bidirectional associations between callous-unemotional (CU) traits and parenting dimensions. This study extended the literature by examining whether parental depression moderated these relations in a pre-adolescent sample. Proposed relations were examined using a longitudinal sample of 120 aggressive children (59.6 % male) who were in the 4th grade (M∈=∈10.56 years, SD∈=∈0.56) at baseline and were followed annually over 4 years. A series of generalized estimating equation (GEE) models were used to examine proposed relations. At the first order level, corporal punishment (p∈<∈. 001) and poor supervision/monitoring predicted increases in CU traits (p∈=∈0.03) however, the inverse relations were not found. Importantly, parental depression moderated the link between corporal punishment and CU traits. Specifically, at high levels of depression, corporal punishment was predictive of increases in CU traits, but was unrelated to CU traits at low levels of depression. These findings aid in our understanding of the link between corporal punishment and CU traits by highlighting conditions under which certain parenting behaviors have an impact on CU traits, which in turn, may have important intervention implications. Further clinical implications, limitations and future directions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1141-1151
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bidirectionality
  • Child Callous-unemotional traits
  • Parental depression
  • Parenting behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bidirectional associations between parenting behavior and child callous-unemotional traits: Does parental depression moderate this link?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this