Between- or within-culture variation? Culture group as a moderator of the relations between individual differences and resource allocation preferences

Gustavo Carlo, Scott C. Roesch, George P. Knight, Silvia H. Koller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent theoretical discussion of the influence of between- and within-culture factors on social behaviors suggests that both approaches may be useful. The present study was designed to investigate the joint influence of sociocultural (between-group) and individual (within-group) factors on resource allocation preferences. Brazilian (n = 166) and European-American (n = 99) children with ages ranging from 37 to 140 months were administered a resource allocation task, which consisted of distributing rewards to themselves or to an acquaintance. As expected, individualistic resource allocation preferences decreased with age, whereas competitive and cooperative resource allocation preferences increased with age. Culture group, the task-specific cognitive demands, and the gender of the child, however, moderated these age differences. For example, gender differences in resource allocation preferences were stronger among Brazilians as compared to European-Americans and stronger in the reduced cognitive demand condition. Models of cooperative and competitive behaviors that consider the role of culture group, gender, and cognitive development and applied implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-579
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001

Fingerprint

Resource Allocation
moderator
Individuality
resources
Group
Competitive Behavior
Social Behavior
age difference
gender
cognitive development
social behavior
Reward
Cooperative Behavior
reward
gender-specific factors
Joints
demand

Keywords

  • Competition
  • Cooperation
  • Culture
  • Gender
  • Prosocial behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education

Cite this

Between- or within-culture variation? Culture group as a moderator of the relations between individual differences and resource allocation preferences. / Carlo, Gustavo; Roesch, Scott C.; Knight, George P.; Koller, Silvia H.

In: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Vol. 22, No. 6, 11.2001, p. 559-579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8bc6dbf415ea470c90fe5fcbd44731a8,
title = "Between- or within-culture variation? Culture group as a moderator of the relations between individual differences and resource allocation preferences",
abstract = "Recent theoretical discussion of the influence of between- and within-culture factors on social behaviors suggests that both approaches may be useful. The present study was designed to investigate the joint influence of sociocultural (between-group) and individual (within-group) factors on resource allocation preferences. Brazilian (n = 166) and European-American (n = 99) children with ages ranging from 37 to 140 months were administered a resource allocation task, which consisted of distributing rewards to themselves or to an acquaintance. As expected, individualistic resource allocation preferences decreased with age, whereas competitive and cooperative resource allocation preferences increased with age. Culture group, the task-specific cognitive demands, and the gender of the child, however, moderated these age differences. For example, gender differences in resource allocation preferences were stronger among Brazilians as compared to European-Americans and stronger in the reduced cognitive demand condition. Models of cooperative and competitive behaviors that consider the role of culture group, gender, and cognitive development and applied implications are discussed.",
keywords = "Competition, Cooperation, Culture, Gender, Prosocial behaviors",
author = "Gustavo Carlo and Roesch, {Scott C.} and Knight, {George P.} and Koller, {Silvia H.}",
year = "2001",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00094-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "559--579",
journal = "Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology",
issn = "0193-3973",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Between- or within-culture variation? Culture group as a moderator of the relations between individual differences and resource allocation preferences

AU - Carlo, Gustavo

AU - Roesch, Scott C.

AU - Knight, George P.

AU - Koller, Silvia H.

PY - 2001/11

Y1 - 2001/11

N2 - Recent theoretical discussion of the influence of between- and within-culture factors on social behaviors suggests that both approaches may be useful. The present study was designed to investigate the joint influence of sociocultural (between-group) and individual (within-group) factors on resource allocation preferences. Brazilian (n = 166) and European-American (n = 99) children with ages ranging from 37 to 140 months were administered a resource allocation task, which consisted of distributing rewards to themselves or to an acquaintance. As expected, individualistic resource allocation preferences decreased with age, whereas competitive and cooperative resource allocation preferences increased with age. Culture group, the task-specific cognitive demands, and the gender of the child, however, moderated these age differences. For example, gender differences in resource allocation preferences were stronger among Brazilians as compared to European-Americans and stronger in the reduced cognitive demand condition. Models of cooperative and competitive behaviors that consider the role of culture group, gender, and cognitive development and applied implications are discussed.

AB - Recent theoretical discussion of the influence of between- and within-culture factors on social behaviors suggests that both approaches may be useful. The present study was designed to investigate the joint influence of sociocultural (between-group) and individual (within-group) factors on resource allocation preferences. Brazilian (n = 166) and European-American (n = 99) children with ages ranging from 37 to 140 months were administered a resource allocation task, which consisted of distributing rewards to themselves or to an acquaintance. As expected, individualistic resource allocation preferences decreased with age, whereas competitive and cooperative resource allocation preferences increased with age. Culture group, the task-specific cognitive demands, and the gender of the child, however, moderated these age differences. For example, gender differences in resource allocation preferences were stronger among Brazilians as compared to European-Americans and stronger in the reduced cognitive demand condition. Models of cooperative and competitive behaviors that consider the role of culture group, gender, and cognitive development and applied implications are discussed.

KW - Competition

KW - Cooperation

KW - Culture

KW - Gender

KW - Prosocial behaviors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035510809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035510809&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00094-6

DO - 10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00094-6

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 559

EP - 579

JO - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

SN - 0193-3973

IS - 6

ER -