A system model is presented of adaptive arrays with trellis coded modulation (TCM) to investigate the bit-error-rate (BER) of a wireless system in a co-channel interference environment. Adaptive arrays with different geometries, uniform circular array (UCA), uniform rectangular array (URA) and UCA with center element (UCA-CE), are implemented with the least mean square (LMS) algorithm to combat interference at the same frequency. The wireless systems are investigated in well-separated signals and random direction signals scenarios with additive white Gaussian noise. The URA and UCA-CE have faster convergence and their BERs, in some cases, are slightly influenced by the number of interferers. However, although the UCA converges slowly and its performance degrades as the number of interferers increases, it generally has the best BER. The recursive least square (RLS) algorithm is also investigated. It achieves much better performance than the LMS algorithm when the training sequences are short. However, the optimum BERs attained by these two algorithms are the same.
- Adaptive array
- Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN)
- Bit-error-rate (BER)
- Least mean square (LMS)
- Recursive least square (RLS)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering