Benzene vapor treatment using a two-phase partitioning bioscrubber: An improved steady-state protocol to enhance long-term operation

David R. Nielsen, Kyla N. Sask, P. James McLellan, Andrew J. Daugulis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The performance and stability of a two-phase partitioning bioscrubber (TPPB) containing 33% (vol.) n-hexadecane as an immiscible phase was investigated during 30 days of continuous gaseous benzene treatment. Elimination capacities of 141 ± 12 g/m3 h were achieved by Achromobacter xylosoxidans Y234 while maintaining >99% removal throughout. A new steady-state operating strategy that limits excessive biomass production by directing substrate consumption to maintenance energy has eliminated the requirement for frequent exchange of liquid contents. Simplifying the operating protocols in this manner has dramatically reduced material costs and rendered the TPPB operational requirements as more comparable (in terms of frequency of required operator inputs) with other vapor-phase bioreactors. The practicality of the proposed simplification to the operating protocol was confirmed by demonstrating that intermediate metabolites were not accumulating in the TPPB, inorganic nutrient requirements were readily predictable, and that high culture viability could be sustained for prolonged cell retention times (30 days).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-240
Number of pages12
JournalBioprocess and biosystems engineering
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benzene
  • Biofiltration
  • Bioscrubber
  • Partitioning bioreactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering

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