Beneficial effects of citrus flavanones naringin and naringenin and their food sources on lipid metabolism: An update on bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and mechanisms

Yang Yang, Myah Trevethan, Shu Wang, Ling Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Naringin and naringin's aglycone naringenin belong to a subclass of flavonoids called flavanones. While many studies of pure naringenin and naringin and their food sources have shown beneficial health effects, including improved lipid metabolism, in animals and humans, the mechanisms underlying the lipid-lowering effects are not completely understood. In recent years, multiple studies using various in vitro and rodent models have revealed new mechanisms underlying the hypolipidemic effects of naringin and naringenin, including regulation of lipid digestion, reverse cholesterol transport, and low-density lipoprotein receptor expression. In addition, naringin and naringenin show diverse effects in populations with different health conditions, such as obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, a novel naringin and naringenin enriched food source citrus bergamia (bergamot) and other citrus fruits have recently been studied for lipid-lowering effects in animal models and human clinical trials. In this review, we provide an update on recent advances in naringin and naringenin and their enriched food sources on lipid metabolism and underlying mechanisms. Because absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion, particularly in the presence of food matrix, impact the bioavailability, which in turn affects the bioactivities of these flavonoids in vivo, we also summarize new findings from the pharmacokinetics studies andthe interplays between the flavanones and gut microbiota.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108967
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • bioavailability
  • lipid metabolism
  • naringenin
  • naringin
  • pharmacokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Beneficial effects of citrus flavanones naringin and naringenin and their food sources on lipid metabolism: An update on bioavailability, pharmacokinetics, and mechanisms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this