Bench and pilot studies of the membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) for energy-efficient wastewater treatment

Robert Nerenberg, Marcelo Aybar, Patricia Perez, Cristian Picioreanu, Lara Grotz, Leon Downing, Joshua Boltz, Nick Adams, Al Greek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Membrane-Aerated Biofilm Reactor (MABR) is a potentially transformative technology that uses gas-supplying membranes to achieve up to 100-percent oxygen-transfer efficiencies (OTEs), greatly decreasing energy requirements. This research used bench and pilot-scale studies to obtain a fundamental understanding of the MABR technology, and characterize the performance of two types of membranes, ZeeLung and silicone. Results suggest high fluxes can be obtained with both types of membranes, although silicone membranes provided higher fluxes for a given air supply pressure, given their higher mass transfer coefficients. The “venting strategy” allowed closed-end membranes to perform almost identically to open end membranes by periodically opening them to vent back-diffusion gases. Large voids at the base of the MABR biofilm appeared to be the result of protozoan predation. Preliminary pilot scale results show nitrification fluxes somewhat lower than those from the lab, but more tests are needed to confirm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWater Environment Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference 2017, WEFTEC 2017
PublisherWater Environment Federation
Pages683-696
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9781510863682
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes
EventWater Environment Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference 2017, WEFTEC 2017 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Sep 30 2017Oct 4 2017

Publication series

NameWater Environment Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference 2017, WEFTEC 2017
Volume1

Conference

ConferenceWater Environment Federation Technical Exhibition and Conference 2017, WEFTEC 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period9/30/1710/4/17

Keywords

  • Biofilm reactors
  • Denitrification
  • MABR
  • Membrane-aerated biofilm reactors
  • Nitrification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Water Science and Technology

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