"...being weary, they had rebelled": Pueblo subsistence and labor under Spanish colonialism

Katherine A. Spielmann, Tiffany Clark, Diane Hawkey, Katharine Rainey, Suzanne K. Fish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 41 Citations

Abstract

Native American responses to Spanish colonialism are explored through an analysis of multiple lines of evidence concerning subsistence practices, diet, and health in the Salinas Pueblo area of central New Mexico. Zooarchaeological and paleoethnobotanical data from three Pueblo villages that experienced different degrees of Spanish missionization are the focus of this study. In addition, human osteological data from one village provide important information on activity patterns and health. These data are used to document the kinds of changes that occurred in Pueblo labor patterns, food consumption, and health from the pre-colonial to colonial periods. Synthetic analyses document the development of some degree of inter-village specialization in large game hunting, hide processing, and corn farming, presumably in response to Spanish tribute levies in corn and antelope hides, and demands on Pueblo labor in other arenas. There also appears to be a degree of divergence in women's and men's lives in the colonial period. These southwestern data are then compared with similar information from the southeastern US to identify patterns of similarity and difference in Native American experiences of and strategies for dealing with Spanish colonization.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages102-125
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

colonial age
Health
Personnel
labor
village
health
Nutrition
food consumption
colonization
specialization
divergence
Mexico
Processing
Colonialism
Labor
Subsistence
Pueblo
evidence
Village
experience

Keywords

  • Colonialism
  • Diet
  • Gender
  • Health
  • Labor
  • Pueblo
  • Subsistence
  • US Southeast
  • US Southwest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Archaeology

Cite this

"...being weary, they had rebelled" : Pueblo subsistence and labor under Spanish colonialism. / Spielmann, Katherine A.; Clark, Tiffany; Hawkey, Diane; Rainey, Katharine; Fish, Suzanne K.

In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 03.2009, p. 102-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spielmann, Katherine A. ; Clark, Tiffany ; Hawkey, Diane ; Rainey, Katharine ; Fish, Suzanne K./ "...being weary, they had rebelled" : Pueblo subsistence and labor under Spanish colonialism. In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 2009 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 102-125
@article{9216dff32368469b876bf59dd744c10b,
title = "{"}...being weary, they had rebelled{"}: Pueblo subsistence and labor under Spanish colonialism",
abstract = "Native American responses to Spanish colonialism are explored through an analysis of multiple lines of evidence concerning subsistence practices, diet, and health in the Salinas Pueblo area of central New Mexico. Zooarchaeological and paleoethnobotanical data from three Pueblo villages that experienced different degrees of Spanish missionization are the focus of this study. In addition, human osteological data from one village provide important information on activity patterns and health. These data are used to document the kinds of changes that occurred in Pueblo labor patterns, food consumption, and health from the pre-colonial to colonial periods. Synthetic analyses document the development of some degree of inter-village specialization in large game hunting, hide processing, and corn farming, presumably in response to Spanish tribute levies in corn and antelope hides, and demands on Pueblo labor in other arenas. There also appears to be a degree of divergence in women\{textquoteleft}s and men\{textquoteleft}s lives in the colonial period. These southwestern data are then compared with similar information from the southeastern US to identify patterns of similarity and difference in Native American experiences of and strategies for dealing with Spanish colonization.",
keywords = "Colonialism, Diet, Gender, Health, Labor, Pueblo, Subsistence, US Southeast, US Southwest",
author = "Spielmann, {Katherine A.} and Tiffany Clark and Diane Hawkey and Katharine Rainey and Fish, {Suzanne K.}",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaa.2008.10.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "102--125",
journal = "Journal of Anthropological Archaeology",
issn = "0278-4165",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - "...being weary, they had rebelled"

T2 - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

AU - Spielmann,Katherine A.

AU - Clark,Tiffany

AU - Hawkey,Diane

AU - Rainey,Katharine

AU - Fish,Suzanne K.

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - Native American responses to Spanish colonialism are explored through an analysis of multiple lines of evidence concerning subsistence practices, diet, and health in the Salinas Pueblo area of central New Mexico. Zooarchaeological and paleoethnobotanical data from three Pueblo villages that experienced different degrees of Spanish missionization are the focus of this study. In addition, human osteological data from one village provide important information on activity patterns and health. These data are used to document the kinds of changes that occurred in Pueblo labor patterns, food consumption, and health from the pre-colonial to colonial periods. Synthetic analyses document the development of some degree of inter-village specialization in large game hunting, hide processing, and corn farming, presumably in response to Spanish tribute levies in corn and antelope hides, and demands on Pueblo labor in other arenas. There also appears to be a degree of divergence in women's and men's lives in the colonial period. These southwestern data are then compared with similar information from the southeastern US to identify patterns of similarity and difference in Native American experiences of and strategies for dealing with Spanish colonization.

AB - Native American responses to Spanish colonialism are explored through an analysis of multiple lines of evidence concerning subsistence practices, diet, and health in the Salinas Pueblo area of central New Mexico. Zooarchaeological and paleoethnobotanical data from three Pueblo villages that experienced different degrees of Spanish missionization are the focus of this study. In addition, human osteological data from one village provide important information on activity patterns and health. These data are used to document the kinds of changes that occurred in Pueblo labor patterns, food consumption, and health from the pre-colonial to colonial periods. Synthetic analyses document the development of some degree of inter-village specialization in large game hunting, hide processing, and corn farming, presumably in response to Spanish tribute levies in corn and antelope hides, and demands on Pueblo labor in other arenas. There also appears to be a degree of divergence in women's and men's lives in the colonial period. These southwestern data are then compared with similar information from the southeastern US to identify patterns of similarity and difference in Native American experiences of and strategies for dealing with Spanish colonization.

KW - Colonialism

KW - Diet

KW - Gender

KW - Health

KW - Labor

KW - Pueblo

KW - Subsistence

KW - US Southeast

KW - US Southwest

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=60949096317&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=60949096317&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaa.2008.10.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jaa.2008.10.002

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 102

EP - 125

JO - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

JF - Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

SN - 0278-4165

IS - 1

ER -