Behavioral and demographic correlates of diabetes, hypertension and overweight among the Catawba Indian Nation

Sarah Levin, Elizabeth J. Mayer-Davis, Barbara Ainsworth, Cheryl L. Addy, Fran C. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: In 1998, the Catawba Diabetes and Health Survey (CDHS) was conducted among adult members of the Catawba Indian Nation living in the Carolinas to determine the prevalence of diabetes and other health conditions, and to assess the population's health-related behaviors. Design: A population-based sample of adult members of the Catawba Indian Nation (N = 633) were surveyed by telephone or in person regarding health status and health-related behaviors. Logistic regression was used to determine demographic and behavioral correlates of diabetes, hypertension, and overweight among the Catawba. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence rates of self-reported diabetes, hypertension and overweight were 12.3%, 29.1%, and 63.8%, respectively. Older age was related to diabetes, hypertension, and overweight (P<.0001 each), and heavier weight status was related to diabetes (P = .026) and hypertension (P<.0001). Nearly 40% of the Catawba are physically inactive (29.5% men, 46.5% women). Physical inactivity was related to diabetes and hypertension among men only, and related to overweight among women only (P<.05 each). Current smoking was inversely related to overweight among men and women (P = .002). Dietary behavior was not associated with the health outcomes. Conclusion: Given the high rates of overweight and physical inactivity, reducing the rates of both may be very important for the health of the Catawba, considering their association with diabetes and hypertension. (Ethn Dis. 2001;11:241-250).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-250
Number of pages10
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Demography
Hypertension
Health
Health Surveys
Telephone
Population
Health Status
Logistic Models
Smoking
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Health Behaviors
  • North American Indians
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Levin, S., Mayer-Davis, E. J., Ainsworth, B., Addy, C. L., & Wheeler, F. C. (2001). Behavioral and demographic correlates of diabetes, hypertension and overweight among the Catawba Indian Nation. Ethnicity and Disease, 11(2), 241-250.

Behavioral and demographic correlates of diabetes, hypertension and overweight among the Catawba Indian Nation. / Levin, Sarah; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J.; Ainsworth, Barbara; Addy, Cheryl L.; Wheeler, Fran C.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 11, No. 2, 03.2001, p. 241-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levin, S, Mayer-Davis, EJ, Ainsworth, B, Addy, CL & Wheeler, FC 2001, 'Behavioral and demographic correlates of diabetes, hypertension and overweight among the Catawba Indian Nation', Ethnicity and Disease, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 241-250.
Levin, Sarah ; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J. ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Addy, Cheryl L. ; Wheeler, Fran C. / Behavioral and demographic correlates of diabetes, hypertension and overweight among the Catawba Indian Nation. In: Ethnicity and Disease. 2001 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 241-250.
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