Baseball outfielders maintain a linear optical trajectory when tracking uncatchable fly balls

Dennis M. Shaffer, Michael K. McBeath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors investigated whether behavior of fielders pursuing uncatchable fly balls supported either (a) maintenance of a linear optical trajectory (LOT) with monotonic increases in optical ball height or (b) maintenance of optical acceleration cancellation (OAC) with simultaneous lateral alignment with the ball. Past work supports usage of both LOT and OAC strategies in the pursuit of catchable balls headed to the side. When balls are uncatchable, fielders must choose either optical linearity or alignment at the expense of the other. Fielders maintained the LOT strategy more often and for a longer period of time than they did the OAC alignment strategy. Findings support the LOT strategy as primary when pursuing balls headed to the side, whether catchable or not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-348
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

Baseball
Diptera
Maintenance
Trajectory
Optical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

@article{85e230de04b049b492c0a55c03239cbf,
title = "Baseball outfielders maintain a linear optical trajectory when tracking uncatchable fly balls",
abstract = "The authors investigated whether behavior of fielders pursuing uncatchable fly balls supported either (a) maintenance of a linear optical trajectory (LOT) with monotonic increases in optical ball height or (b) maintenance of optical acceleration cancellation (OAC) with simultaneous lateral alignment with the ball. Past work supports usage of both LOT and OAC strategies in the pursuit of catchable balls headed to the side. When balls are uncatchable, fielders must choose either optical linearity or alignment at the expense of the other. Fielders maintained the LOT strategy more often and for a longer period of time than they did the OAC alignment strategy. Findings support the LOT strategy as primary when pursuing balls headed to the side, whether catchable or not.",
author = "Shaffer, {Dennis M.} and McBeath, {Michael K.}",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/0096-1523.28.2.335",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "335--348",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance",
issn = "0096-1523",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Baseball outfielders maintain a linear optical trajectory when tracking uncatchable fly balls

AU - Shaffer, Dennis M.

AU - McBeath, Michael K.

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - The authors investigated whether behavior of fielders pursuing uncatchable fly balls supported either (a) maintenance of a linear optical trajectory (LOT) with monotonic increases in optical ball height or (b) maintenance of optical acceleration cancellation (OAC) with simultaneous lateral alignment with the ball. Past work supports usage of both LOT and OAC strategies in the pursuit of catchable balls headed to the side. When balls are uncatchable, fielders must choose either optical linearity or alignment at the expense of the other. Fielders maintained the LOT strategy more often and for a longer period of time than they did the OAC alignment strategy. Findings support the LOT strategy as primary when pursuing balls headed to the side, whether catchable or not.

AB - The authors investigated whether behavior of fielders pursuing uncatchable fly balls supported either (a) maintenance of a linear optical trajectory (LOT) with monotonic increases in optical ball height or (b) maintenance of optical acceleration cancellation (OAC) with simultaneous lateral alignment with the ball. Past work supports usage of both LOT and OAC strategies in the pursuit of catchable balls headed to the side. When balls are uncatchable, fielders must choose either optical linearity or alignment at the expense of the other. Fielders maintained the LOT strategy more often and for a longer period of time than they did the OAC alignment strategy. Findings support the LOT strategy as primary when pursuing balls headed to the side, whether catchable or not.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047673376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047673376&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0096-1523.28.2.335

DO - 10.1037/0096-1523.28.2.335

M3 - Article

C2 - 11999858

AN - SCOPUS:85047673376

VL - 28

SP - 335

EP - 348

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance

SN - 0096-1523

IS - 2

ER -