Balancing permanency and stability for youth in foster care

Tonia Stott, Nora Gustavsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Youth aging out of the foster care system are at risk for poor outcomes. Little is known about the etiology of these outcomes. However, placement instability may be one contributor. Permanency planning as a policy was well-intentioned. However, for adolescents likely to age out of care, the policy may actually contribute to placement instability. A review of the elements of permanency reveals a complex concept which emphasizes continuity of relationships. Federal permanency legislation and state policy may be in conflict with this goal, especially for youth who age out of care. We review the challenges faced by youth aging out of care, their placement histories, permanency planning as a policy and practice, and suggest modifications to permanency planning to facilitate the development and maintenance of the stable social networks essential for successful transitions to adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-625
Number of pages7
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2010


  • Aging out
  • Foster care
  • Foster care youth
  • Permanency planning
  • Placement stability
  • Relational permanence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Balancing permanency and stability for youth in foster care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this