Avoiding exercise mediates the effects of internalized and experienced weight stigma on physical activity in the years following bariatric surgery

Seung Yong Han, Gina Agostini, Alexandra A. Brewis, Amber Wutich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: People living with severe obesity report high levels of weight-related stigma. Theoretically, this stigma undermines weight loss efforts. The objective of this study is to test one proposed mechanism to explain why weight loss is so difficult once an individual becomes obese: that weight-related stigma inhibits physical activity via demotivation to exercise. Methods: The study focused on individuals who had bariatric surgery within the past 5years (N=298) and who report a post-surgical body mass index (BMI) ranging from 16 to 70. Exercise avoidance motivation (EAM) and physical activity (PA) were modeled as latent variables using structural equation modeling. Two measures of weight stigma, the Stigmatizing Situations Inventory (SSI) and the Weight Bias Internalization Scale (WBIS) were modified for people with a long history of extreme obesity for use as observed predictors. Results: Exercise avoidance motivation (EAM) significantly mediated the association between both experienced (SSI) and internalized (WBIS) weight stigma and physical activity (PA) in this population. Conclusion: Exercise avoidance motivation, influenced by weight stigma, may be a significant factor explaining the positive relationship between higher body weights with lower levels of physical activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number18
JournalBMC Obesity
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2 2018

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Exercise
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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