Information was gathered on the prevalence, correlates, and development of avoidant paruresis in males, the inability to urinate in the presence of others. Prevalence was found to be 6.8% based on a double screening starting with 381 college males. A reliable hierarchy of environmental cues related to avoidance was demonstrated. Avoiders differed from normals on self-reported interpersonal and performance anxiety, but not on sex-related items, introversion, or childhood family size. The most common age of onset was 12-15, and subjects viewed their problem as caused by anxiety and self-esteem factors. The findings thus suggest that this is a relatively common disorder, that it is anxiety based, and that specific treatment technologies relevant to anxiety should be explored.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)