Avatar-based simulation in the evaluation of diagnosis and management of mental health disorders in primary care

Rachel M. Satter, Trevor Cohen, Pierina Ortiz, Kanav Kahol, James Mackenzie, Carol Olson, Mina Johnson, Vimla Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are highly prevalent illnesses, but the literature suggests they are under-detected and suboptimally managed by primary care practitioners (PCPs). In this paper, we propose and use an evaluation method, using digitally simulated patients (avatars) to evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic reasoning of PCPs and compared it to the traditional use of paper-based cases. Verbal (think-aloud) protocols were captured in the context of a diagnostic and therapeutic reasoning task. Propositional and semantic representational analysis of simulation data during evaluation, showed specific deficiencies in PCP reasoning, suggesting a promise of this technology in training and evaluation in mental health. Avatars are flexible and easily modifiable and are also a cost-effective and easy-to-disseminate educational tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1137-1150
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomedical Informatics
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mental Disorders
Primary Health Care
Mental Health
Semantics
Health
Costs
Major Depressive Disorder
Managed Care Programs
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Technology
Costs and Cost Analysis
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Avatar(s)
  • Education
  • Major Depressive Disorder
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
  • Primary care
  • Simulation
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

Avatar-based simulation in the evaluation of diagnosis and management of mental health disorders in primary care. / Satter, Rachel M.; Cohen, Trevor; Ortiz, Pierina; Kahol, Kanav; Mackenzie, James; Olson, Carol; Johnson, Mina; Patel, Vimla.

In: Journal of Biomedical Informatics, Vol. 45, No. 6, 01.12.2012, p. 1137-1150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Satter, RM, Cohen, T, Ortiz, P, Kahol, K, Mackenzie, J, Olson, C, Johnson, M & Patel, V 2012, 'Avatar-based simulation in the evaluation of diagnosis and management of mental health disorders in primary care', Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 45, no. 6, pp. 1137-1150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2012.07.009
Satter, Rachel M. ; Cohen, Trevor ; Ortiz, Pierina ; Kahol, Kanav ; Mackenzie, James ; Olson, Carol ; Johnson, Mina ; Patel, Vimla. / Avatar-based simulation in the evaluation of diagnosis and management of mental health disorders in primary care. In: Journal of Biomedical Informatics. 2012 ; Vol. 45, No. 6. pp. 1137-1150.
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