Auxin binding to subcellular fractions from Cucurbita hypocotyls: In vitro evidence for an auxin transport carrier

M. Jacobs, R. Hertel

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Abstract

An auxin binding sive, with characteristics different from the previously described auxin binding sites I and II in maize coleoptiles, is reported in homogenates of zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L. cv. Black Beauty) hypocotyls. Evidence from differential centrifugation and sucrose and metrizamide density gradients indicates that the site is localized on the plasma membrane. The site has a KD of 1-2×10-6 M for indole acetic acid and has a pH optimum of 5.0. Binding specificity measured with several auxins, weak auxins, and anti-auxins generally parallels the activities of the same compounds as inhibitors of auxin transport. 1-N-naphthylphthalamic acid and 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (2,3,5-TIBA), both auxin transport inhibitors in vivo, increase specific auxin binding to this site. 3,4,5-TIBA, which can partially reverse 2,3,5-TIBA's transport inhibition when the two substances are added together in vivo, partially reverses 2,3,5-TIBA's increase in specific auxin binding to the plasma membrane site when added with 2,3,5-TIBA in vitro. Preliminary investigations indicate that a similar plasma membrane site exists in maize (Zea mays L.) coleoptiles. It is suggested that different conformations of this site may function during active auxin transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPlanta
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Auxin binding
  • Auxin transport
  • Cucurbita
  • Plasmalemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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