Autothermal reforming of methane in a proton-conducting ceramic membrane reactor

Jay Kniep, Matthew Anderson, Y. S. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endothermic steam reforming of methane for hydrogen production requires heat input with selective oxidation of methane. Dense SrCe0.75Zr 0.20Tm0.05O3-δ perovskite membranes were combined with a reforming catalyst to demonstrate the feasibility of a heat-exchange membrane reactor for steam reforming of methane coupled with selective oxidation of permeated hydrogen. The reforming catalyst used was a prereduced nickel based catalyst supported on γ-Al2O 3. Hydrogen produced via the steam reforming of methane or water gas shift reaction was able to diffuse through the catalyst bed and transport through the membrane. The permeated hydrogen reacted with oxygen (from air) to produce heat for the steam reforming of methane on the other side of the membrane. The membrane reactor avoids the use of an expensive air separation unit to produce pure oxygen. The influence of experimental conditions, such as temperature, gas hourly space velocity, and the steam to carbon (S/C) ratio, on the membrane reactor was investigated. SrCe0.75Zr 0.20Tm0.05O3-δ showed good chemical stability in steam reforming conditions as X-ray diffraction analysis of the membrane surface exposed to steam-reforming conditions for 425 h showed only minor CeO2 formation. The experimental data demonstrate the feasibility of using a proton conducting ceramic membrane in the heat-exchange membrane reactor for steam reforming of methane coupled with selective oxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12426-12432
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume50
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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