Authentic leadership

Development and validation of a theory-based measure

Fred O. Walumbwa, Bruce J. Avolio, William L. Gardner, Tara S. Wernsing, Suzanne Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

817 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study developed and tested a theory-based measure of authentic leadership using five separate samples obtained from China, Kenya, and the United States. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a higher order, multidimensional model of the authentic leadership construct (the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire [ALQ]) comprising leader self-awareness, relational transparency, internalized moral perspective, and balanced processing. Structural equation modeling (SEM) demonstrated the predictive validity for the ALQ measure for important work-related attitudes and behaviors, beyond what ethical and transformational leadership offered. Finally, results revealed a positive relationship between authentic leadership and supervisor-rated performance. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-126
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Management
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2008

Fingerprint

Leadership development
Authentic leadership
Questionnaire
Factors
China
Supervisors
Transformational leadership
Transparency
Self-awareness
Predictive validity
Structural equation modeling
Ethical leadership
Kenya

Keywords

  • Authentic leadership
  • Construct validation
  • Leadership development
  • Measurement development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Finance

Cite this

Authentic leadership : Development and validation of a theory-based measure. / Walumbwa, Fred O.; Avolio, Bruce J.; Gardner, William L.; Wernsing, Tara S.; Peterson, Suzanne.

In: Journal of Management, Vol. 34, No. 1, 02.2008, p. 89-126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walumbwa, Fred O. ; Avolio, Bruce J. ; Gardner, William L. ; Wernsing, Tara S. ; Peterson, Suzanne. / Authentic leadership : Development and validation of a theory-based measure. In: Journal of Management. 2008 ; Vol. 34, No. 1. pp. 89-126.
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