Auditory/phonetic categorization with the Symbion multichannel cochlear implant

Michael Dorman, M. T. Hannley, G. A. McCandless, L. M. Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    23 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The phonetic identification ability of an individual (SS) who exhibits the best, or equal to the best, speech understanding of patients using the Symbion four-channel cochlear implant is described. It has been found that SS: (1) can use aspects of signal duration to form categories that are isomorphic with the phonetic categories established by listeners with normal auditory function; (2) can combine temporal and spectral cues in a normal fashion to form categories; (3) can use aspects of fricative noises to form categories that correspond to normal phonetic categories; (4) uses information from both F1 and higher formants in vowel identification; and (5) appears to identify stop consonant place of articulation on the basis of information provided by the center frequency of the burst and by the abruptness of frequency change following signal onset. SS has difficulty identifying stop consonants from the information provided by formant transitions and cannot differentially identify signals that have identical FVs and relatively low-frequency F2's. SS's performance suggests that simple speech processing strategies (filtering of the signal into four bands) and monopolar electrode design are viable options in the design of cochlear prostheses.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)501-510
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
    Volume84
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Aug 1988

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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