Attitudes and Experiences Surrounding Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in the United States: A Scoping Review

Ghenet Besera, Howard Goldberg, Ekwutosi M. Okoroh, Margaret Christine Snead, Crista E. Johnson-Agbakwu, Mary M. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

To identify research and gaps in literature about FGM/C–related attitudes and experiences among individuals from FGM/C–practicing countries living in the United States, we conducted a scoping review guided by Arksey and O’Malley’s framework. We searched Medline (OVID), Embase (OVID), PubMed, and SCOPUS and conducted a grey literature search for studies assessing attitudes or experiences related to FGM/C with data collected directly from individuals from FGM/C-practicing countries living in the United States. The search yielded 417 studies, and 40 met the inclusion criteria. Findings suggest that women and men from FGM/C-practicing countries living in the United States generally oppose FGM/C, and that women with FGM/C have significant physical and mental health needs and have found US healthcare providers to lack understanding of FGM/C. Future research can improve measurement of FGM/C by taking into account the sociocultural influences on FGM/C–related attitudes and experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Female circumcision
  • Female genital mutilation/cutting
  • Migrant health
  • Scoping review
  • United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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