Attending to the Execution of a Complex Sensorimotor Skill: Expertise Differences, Choking, and Slumps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

264 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simulated baseball batting task was used to compare the relative effects of attending to extraneous information (tone frequency) and attending to skill execution (direction of bat movement) on performance and swing kinematics and to evaluate how these effects differ as a function of expertise. The extraneous dual task degraded batting performance in novices but had no significant effect on experts. The skill-focused dual task increased batting errors and movement variability for experts but had no significant effect on novices. For expert batters, accuracy in the skill-focused dual task was inversely related to the current level of performance. Expert batters were significantly more accurate in the skill-focused dual task when placed under pressure. These findings indicate that the attentional focus varies substantially across and within performers with different levels of expertise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

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