Attending to the Execution of a Complex Sensorimotor Skill: Expertise Differences, Choking, and Slumps

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

256 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simulated baseball batting task was used to compare the relative effects of attending to extraneous information (tone frequency) and attending to skill execution (direction of bat movement) on performance and swing kinematics and to evaluate how these effects differ as a function of expertise. The extraneous dual task degraded batting performance in novices but had no significant effect on experts. The skill-focused dual task increased batting errors and movement variability for experts but had no significant effect on novices. For expert batters, accuracy in the skill-focused dual task was inversely related to the current level of performance. Expert batters were significantly more accurate in the skill-focused dual task when placed under pressure. These findings indicate that the attentional focus varies substantially across and within performers with different levels of expertise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-54
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Applied
Volume10
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Fingerprint

Baseball
Airway Obstruction
Biomechanical Phenomena
Pressure
Direction compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

@article{41b5653b92cc4276821a836c9417f7d9,
title = "Attending to the Execution of a Complex Sensorimotor Skill: Expertise Differences, Choking, and Slumps",
abstract = "A simulated baseball batting task was used to compare the relative effects of attending to extraneous information (tone frequency) and attending to skill execution (direction of bat movement) on performance and swing kinematics and to evaluate how these effects differ as a function of expertise. The extraneous dual task degraded batting performance in novices but had no significant effect on experts. The skill-focused dual task increased batting errors and movement variability for experts but had no significant effect on novices. For expert batters, accuracy in the skill-focused dual task was inversely related to the current level of performance. Expert batters were significantly more accurate in the skill-focused dual task when placed under pressure. These findings indicate that the attentional focus varies substantially across and within performers with different levels of expertise.",
author = "Robert Gray",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "42--54",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied",
issn = "1076-898X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attending to the Execution of a Complex Sensorimotor Skill

T2 - Expertise Differences, Choking, and Slumps

AU - Gray, Robert

PY - 2004/3

Y1 - 2004/3

N2 - A simulated baseball batting task was used to compare the relative effects of attending to extraneous information (tone frequency) and attending to skill execution (direction of bat movement) on performance and swing kinematics and to evaluate how these effects differ as a function of expertise. The extraneous dual task degraded batting performance in novices but had no significant effect on experts. The skill-focused dual task increased batting errors and movement variability for experts but had no significant effect on novices. For expert batters, accuracy in the skill-focused dual task was inversely related to the current level of performance. Expert batters were significantly more accurate in the skill-focused dual task when placed under pressure. These findings indicate that the attentional focus varies substantially across and within performers with different levels of expertise.

AB - A simulated baseball batting task was used to compare the relative effects of attending to extraneous information (tone frequency) and attending to skill execution (direction of bat movement) on performance and swing kinematics and to evaluate how these effects differ as a function of expertise. The extraneous dual task degraded batting performance in novices but had no significant effect on experts. The skill-focused dual task increased batting errors and movement variability for experts but had no significant effect on novices. For expert batters, accuracy in the skill-focused dual task was inversely related to the current level of performance. Expert batters were significantly more accurate in the skill-focused dual task when placed under pressure. These findings indicate that the attentional focus varies substantially across and within performers with different levels of expertise.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1842582238&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1842582238&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 15053701

AN - SCOPUS:1842582238

VL - 10

SP - 42

EP - 54

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied

SN - 1076-898X

IS - 1

ER -