Atomic-Scale Observations of Catalyst Structures under Reaction Conditions and during Catalysis

Franklin Tao, Peter Crozier

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heterogeneous catalysis is a chemical process performed at a solid-gas or solid-liquid interface. Direct participation of catalyst atoms in this chemical process determines the significance of the surface structure of a catalyst in a fundamental understanding of such a chemical process at a molecular level. High-pressure scanning tunneling microscopy (HP-STM) and environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM) have been used to observe catalyst structure in the last few decades. In this review, instrumentation for the two in situ/operando techniques and scientific findings on catalyst structures under reaction conditions and during catalysis are discussed with the following objectives: (1) to present the fundamental aspects of in situ/operando studies of catalysts; (2) to interpret the observed restructurings of catalyst and evolution of catalyst structures; (3) to explore how HP-STM and ETEM can be synergistically used to reveal structural details under reaction conditions and during catalysis; and (4) to discuss the future challenges and prospects of atomic-scale observation of catalysts in understanding of heterogeneous catalysis. This Review focuses on the development of HP-STM and ETEM, the in situ/operando characterizations of catalyst structures with them, and the integration of the two structural analytical techniques for fundamentally understanding catalysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3487-3539
Number of pages53
JournalChemical Reviews
Volume116
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2016

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Catalysis
Catalysts
Scanning tunneling microscopy
Transmission electron microscopy
Surface structure
Gases
Atoms
Liquids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Atomic-Scale Observations of Catalyst Structures under Reaction Conditions and during Catalysis. / Tao, Franklin; Crozier, Peter.

In: Chemical Reviews, Vol. 116, No. 6, 23.03.2016, p. 3487-3539.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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