Atomic chemistry in turbulent astrophysical media. I. effect of atomic cooling

William J. Gray, Evan Scannapieco, Daniel Kasen

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Abstract

We carry out direct numerical simulations of turbulent astrophysical media that explicitly track ionizations, recombinations, and species-by-species radiative cooling. The simulations assume solar composition and follows the evolution of hydrogen, helium, carbon, oxygen, sodium, and magnesium, but they do not include the presence of an ionizing background. In this case, the medium reaches a global steady state that is purely a function of the one-dimensional turbulent velocity dispersion, σ1D, and the product of the mean density and the driving scale of turbulence, nL. Our simulations span a grid of models with ranging from 6 to 58 km s-1 and nL ranging from 1016 to 1020 cm-2, which correspond to turbulent Mach numbers from M = 0.2 to 10.6. The species abundances are well described by single-temperature estimates whenever M is small, but local equilibrium models can not accurately predict the global equilibrium abundances when To allow future studies to account for nonequilibrium effects in turbulent media, we gather our results into a series of tables, which we will extend in the future to encompass a wider range of elements, compositions, and ionizing processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume801
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2015

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Keywords

  • ISM: abundances
  • ISM: atoms
  • astrochemistry
  • turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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