Atomic and electronic structure of the ferroelectric BaTiO 3/Ge(001) interface

Kurt D. Fredrickson, Patrick Ponath, Agham B. Posadas, Martha McCartney, Toshihiro Aoki, David Smith, Alexander A. Demkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrate the epitaxial growth of BaTiO3 on Ge(001) by molecular beam epitaxy using a thin Zintl template buffer layer. A combination of density functional theory, atomic-resolution electron microscopy and in situ photoemission spectroscopy is used to investigate the electronic properties and atomic structure of the BaTiO3/Ge interface. Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron micrographs reveal that the Ge(001) 2 × 1 surface reconstruction remains intact during the subsequent BaTiO3 growth, thereby enabling a choice to be made between several theoretically predicted interface structures. The measured valence band offset of 2.7 eV matches well with the theoretical value of 2.5 eV based on the model structure for an in-plane-polarized interface. The agreement between the calculated and measured band offsets, which are highly sensitive to the detailed atomic arrangement, indicates that the most likely BaTiO3/Ge(001) interface structure has been identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4883883
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume104
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 16 2014

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atomic structure
electronic structure
aberration
electron microscopy
molecular beam epitaxy
photoelectric emission
templates
buffers
density functional theory
valence
scanning
electronics
spectroscopy
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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Atomic and electronic structure of the ferroelectric BaTiO 3/Ge(001) interface. / Fredrickson, Kurt D.; Ponath, Patrick; Posadas, Agham B.; McCartney, Martha; Aoki, Toshihiro; Smith, David; Demkov, Alexander A.

In: Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, No. 24, 4883883, 16.06.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fredrickson, Kurt D. ; Ponath, Patrick ; Posadas, Agham B. ; McCartney, Martha ; Aoki, Toshihiro ; Smith, David ; Demkov, Alexander A. / Atomic and electronic structure of the ferroelectric BaTiO 3/Ge(001) interface. In: Applied Physics Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 104, No. 24.
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