Asymmetrically interacting spreading dynamics on complex layered networks

Wei Wang, Ming Tang, Hui Yang, D. Younghae, Ying-Cheng Lai, Gyuwon Lee

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Abstract

The spread of disease through a physical-contact network and the spread of information about the disease on a communication network are two intimately related dynamical processes. We investigate the asymmetrical interplay between the two types of spreading dynamics, each occurring on its own layer, by focusing on the two fundamental quantities underlying any spreading process: epidemic threshold and the final infection ratio. We find that an epidemic outbreak on the contact layer can induce an outbreak on the communication layer, and information spreading can effectively raise the epidemic threshold. When structural correlation exists between the two layers, the information threshold remains unchanged but the epidemic threshold can be enhanced, making the contact layer more resilient to epidemic outbreak. We develop a physical theory to understand the intricate interplay between the two types of spreading dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5097
JournalScientific reports
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2014

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