Asthma patient education opportunities in predominantly minority urban communities

Luis E. Zayas, Don McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disenfranchised ethnic minority communities in the urban United States experience a high burden of asthma. Conventional office-based patient education often is insufficient to promote proper asthma management and coping practices responsive to minority patients' environments. This paper explores existing and alternative asthma information and education sources in three urban minority communities in western New York State to help design other practical educational interventions. Four focus groups (n = 59) and four town hall meetings (n = 109) were conducted in one Hispanic and two black communities. Focus groups included adult asthmatics or caretakers of asthmatics, and town meetings were open to all residents. A critical theory perspective informed the study. Asthma information and education sources, perceptions of asthma and ways of coping were elicited through semi-structured interviews. Data analysis followed a theory-driven immersion-crystallization approach. Several asthma education and information resources from the health care system, media, public institutions and communities were identified. Intervention recommendations highlighted asthma workshops that recognize participants as teachers and learners, offer social support, promote advocacy, are culturally appropriate and community-based and include health care professionals. Community-based, group health education couched on people's experiences and societal conditions offers unique opportunities for patient asthma care empowerment in minority urban communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-769
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Patient Education
Asthma
minority
community
education
Education
Focus Groups
coping
town
health care
media system
Delivery of Health Care
Group
public institution
critical theory
Practice Management
patient care
Immersion
health promotion
national minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education

Cite this

Asthma patient education opportunities in predominantly minority urban communities. / Zayas, Luis E.; McLean, Don.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 22, No. 6, 12.2007, p. 757-769.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zayas, Luis E. ; McLean, Don. / Asthma patient education opportunities in predominantly minority urban communities. In: Health Education Research. 2007 ; Vol. 22, No. 6. pp. 757-769.
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