Associations of exposure to intimate partner violence and parent-to-child aggression with child competence and psychopathology symptoms in two generations

Deborah M. Capaldi, Stacey S. Tiberio, Joann Shortt, Sabina Low, Lee D. Owen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Associations of exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV) and parent-to-child aggression (PCA) with child adjustment have not been examined adequately for community samples. Objective: To examine main, cumulative, and interactive associations of IPV and PCA (separately for physical and psychological aggression) with four aspects of child adjustment (i.e., externalizing and internalizing behavior; social and scholastic competence). Associations were examined between (a) G1 parent behavior and the adjustment of G2 boys (N = 203) at ages 13–14 years and (b) G2 parent behavior and the adjustment of G3 children (N = 294) at ages 4–5 and 11–12 years. Participants and setting: Families in a prospective, multigenerational dataset. Methods: Measures included reports by caregivers, children, and teachers. Cross-sectional regression models (controlling for parent socioeconomic status and G3 child gender) examined: (a) main effects of IPV or PCA, (b) the simultaneous (i.e., cumulative) effects of both IPV and PCA, and (c) interactive effects of IPV and PCA (sample size permitting) on each of the child adjustment outcomes. Results: When considered simultaneously, PCA (but not IPV) was associated with each aspect of child adjustment. The interaction between PCA and IPV indicated lower G2 adolescent scholastic competence and greater G3 preschool externalizing behavior for children exposed to lower levels of IPV and higher levels of PCA. Conclusion: Psychological and physical PCA were associated with child adjustment problems even when accounting for IPV. Findings support the use of evidence-based programs to prevent PCA and PCA-associated child adjustment problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104434
JournalChild Abuse and Neglect
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Child adjustment
  • Competence
  • Intergenerational
  • Intimate partner violence exposure
  • Parent-to-child aggression
  • Psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Associations of exposure to intimate partner violence and parent-to-child aggression with child competence and psychopathology symptoms in two generations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this