Associations among parent acculturation, child BMI, and child fruit and vegetable consumption in a Hispanic sample

Monica I. Morello, Hala Madanat, Noe C. Crespo, Hector Lemus, John Elder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the association of parent acculturation with child fruit and vegetable consumption and obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI). Participants included 250 Mexican-American and other Hispanic families living within San Diego County. Height and weight measurements were collected to calculate the age- and sex-specific BMI for each child and parent, and parents completed self-administered surveys. Child BMI z-score was significantly related to parent BMI after controlling for parent acculturation and parent birth place (β = 0.05, p < 0.01). Child fruit consumption was significantly associated with parent acculturation (β = -0.02, p = 0.01) and parent BMI (β = 0.02, p = 0.04) after adjusting for the other variables in the model. Child vegetable consumption was not significantly related to parent acculturation. Findings suggest that parental weight status may be more predictive of child obesity than acculturation, and highlight the need to examine culturally relevant behavioral and psychosocial factors related to childhood obesity and dietary behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1029
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Acculturation
Hispanic Americans
Vegetables
Fruit
Body Mass Index
Pediatric Obesity
Weights and Measures
Obesity
Parents
Psychology

Keywords

  • Acculturation
  • Body mass index
  • Diet
  • Hispanic americans
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Associations among parent acculturation, child BMI, and child fruit and vegetable consumption in a Hispanic sample. / Morello, Monica I.; Madanat, Hala; Crespo, Noe C.; Lemus, Hector; Elder, John.

In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 14, No. 6, 12.2012, p. 1023-1029.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morello, Monica I. ; Madanat, Hala ; Crespo, Noe C. ; Lemus, Hector ; Elder, John. / Associations among parent acculturation, child BMI, and child fruit and vegetable consumption in a Hispanic sample. In: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2012 ; Vol. 14, No. 6. pp. 1023-1029.
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