Assessing the effectiveness of technology transfer from U.S. government R&D laboratories: impact of market orientation

Barry Bozeman, Karen Coker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study, based on a national survey of U.S. government laboratories, assesses the degree of success laboratories have had in transferring technology to industry, taking into account the laboratories' differing receptivity to market influences. Three success criteria are considered here, two based on self-evaluations and a third based on the number of technology licenses issued from the laboratory. The two self-evaluations are rooted in different types of effectiveness, `getting technology out the door,' in one case, and, in the other, having a demonstrable commercial impact. A core hypothesis of the study is that the two types of effectiveness will be responsive to different factors and, in particular, the laboratories with a clearer market orientation will have a higher degree of success on the commercial impact and technology license criteria. Overall, the results seem to suggest that multifaceted, multimission laboratories are likely to enjoy the most success in technology transfer, especially if they have relatively low levels of bureaucratization and either ties to industry (particularly direct financial ties) or a commercial orientation in the selection of projects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherPubl by Int Soc for Optical Engineering
Pages192-205
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)0819407542
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes
EventIntl Competitiveness and Business Techniques in Advanced Optics and Imaging - Rochester, NY, USA
Duration: Oct 9 1991Oct 19 1991

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume1617
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherIntl Competitiveness and Business Techniques in Advanced Optics and Imaging
CityRochester, NY, USA
Period10/9/9110/19/91

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Bozeman, B., & Coker, K. (1992). Assessing the effectiveness of technology transfer from U.S. government R&D laboratories: impact of market orientation. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (pp. 192-205). (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 1617). Publ by Int Soc for Optical Engineering.