Assessing the Differential Effects of Race and Ethnicity on Sentence Outcomes Under Different Sentencing Systems

Xia Wang, Daniel P. Mears, Cassia Spohn, Lisa Dario

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although many states have adopted sentencing guidelines, questions remain about whether guidelines achieve one of their primary goals-reducing disparities that arise from such extralegal factors as race and ethnicity. To date, research has not taken a cross-state approach to testing for racial or ethnic disparity in sentences imposed in guideline and nonguideline states or to examining whether less disparity exists in states with voluntary or presumptive guidelines. To address this research gap and inform sentencing scholarship, data from the State Court Processing Statistics program are used to determine whether offenders' race or ethnicity affects incarceration and sentence length decisions in jurisdictions with different types of sentencing systems. Implications of the findings for theory, research, and policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-114
Number of pages28
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

ethnicity
Guidelines
Research
jurisdiction
offender
statistics

Keywords

  • ethnicity
  • race
  • sentencing guidelines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Assessing the Differential Effects of Race and Ethnicity on Sentence Outcomes Under Different Sentencing Systems. / Wang, Xia; Mears, Daniel P.; Spohn, Cassia; Dario, Lisa.

In: Crime and Delinquency, Vol. 59, No. 1, 02.2013, p. 87-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{42d273f39f0841d9b904f63dd98a5f7d,
title = "Assessing the Differential Effects of Race and Ethnicity on Sentence Outcomes Under Different Sentencing Systems",
abstract = "Although many states have adopted sentencing guidelines, questions remain about whether guidelines achieve one of their primary goals-reducing disparities that arise from such extralegal factors as race and ethnicity. To date, research has not taken a cross-state approach to testing for racial or ethnic disparity in sentences imposed in guideline and nonguideline states or to examining whether less disparity exists in states with voluntary or presumptive guidelines. To address this research gap and inform sentencing scholarship, data from the State Court Processing Statistics program are used to determine whether offenders' race or ethnicity affects incarceration and sentence length decisions in jurisdictions with different types of sentencing systems. Implications of the findings for theory, research, and policy are discussed.",
keywords = "ethnicity, race, sentencing guidelines",
author = "Xia Wang and Mears, {Daniel P.} and Cassia Spohn and Lisa Dario",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1177/0011128709352234",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "87--114",
journal = "Crime and Delinquency",
issn = "0011-1287",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing the Differential Effects of Race and Ethnicity on Sentence Outcomes Under Different Sentencing Systems

AU - Wang, Xia

AU - Mears, Daniel P.

AU - Spohn, Cassia

AU - Dario, Lisa

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Although many states have adopted sentencing guidelines, questions remain about whether guidelines achieve one of their primary goals-reducing disparities that arise from such extralegal factors as race and ethnicity. To date, research has not taken a cross-state approach to testing for racial or ethnic disparity in sentences imposed in guideline and nonguideline states or to examining whether less disparity exists in states with voluntary or presumptive guidelines. To address this research gap and inform sentencing scholarship, data from the State Court Processing Statistics program are used to determine whether offenders' race or ethnicity affects incarceration and sentence length decisions in jurisdictions with different types of sentencing systems. Implications of the findings for theory, research, and policy are discussed.

AB - Although many states have adopted sentencing guidelines, questions remain about whether guidelines achieve one of their primary goals-reducing disparities that arise from such extralegal factors as race and ethnicity. To date, research has not taken a cross-state approach to testing for racial or ethnic disparity in sentences imposed in guideline and nonguideline states or to examining whether less disparity exists in states with voluntary or presumptive guidelines. To address this research gap and inform sentencing scholarship, data from the State Court Processing Statistics program are used to determine whether offenders' race or ethnicity affects incarceration and sentence length decisions in jurisdictions with different types of sentencing systems. Implications of the findings for theory, research, and policy are discussed.

KW - ethnicity

KW - race

KW - sentencing guidelines

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84871488777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84871488777&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0011128709352234

DO - 10.1177/0011128709352234

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 87

EP - 114

JO - Crime and Delinquency

JF - Crime and Delinquency

SN - 0011-1287

IS - 1

ER -