Assessing opportunity-to-learn for students with disabilities in general and special education classes

Alexander Kurz, Stephen Elliott, Christopher J. Lemons, Naomi Zigmond, Amanda Kloo, Ryan J. Kettler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Current legislation encourages schools to educate students with disabilities (SWDs) in general education settings to the greatest extent appropriate. However, it is unclear whether inclusion in general education settings provides SWDs a sufficient opportunity to learn the academic content assessed by accountability measures. This initial study was designed to (a) describe the extent to which general and special educators provide their eighth-grade classes with an opportunity to learn the state-specific standards and to (b) examine the extent to which SWDs experience a differentiated opportunity to learn compared with their overall class. Across three states, we trained 38 general and special educators to use an online teacher log to report on various opportunity-to-learn (OTL) indices for 46 mathematics and reading classes and 89 nested SWDs. Based on an average logging period of 151 days, the results indicated that this sample's SWDs included in general education classes experienced less time on standards, more non-instructional time, and less content coverage than their overall class. Limitations and implications for policy and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-39
Number of pages16
JournalAssessment for Effective Intervention
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

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Special Education
general education
special education
disability
Students
Education
student
educator
Mathematics
Social Responsibility
Legislation
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coverage
legislation
inclusion
mathematics
responsibility
teacher
school
experience

Keywords

  • Content coverage
  • Differentiated opportunity structure
  • Inclusion
  • Instructional quality
  • Instructional time
  • Opportunity to learn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Assessing opportunity-to-learn for students with disabilities in general and special education classes. / Kurz, Alexander; Elliott, Stephen; Lemons, Christopher J.; Zigmond, Naomi; Kloo, Amanda; Kettler, Ryan J.

In: Assessment for Effective Intervention, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2014, p. 24-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kurz, Alexander ; Elliott, Stephen ; Lemons, Christopher J. ; Zigmond, Naomi ; Kloo, Amanda ; Kettler, Ryan J. / Assessing opportunity-to-learn for students with disabilities in general and special education classes. In: Assessment for Effective Intervention. 2014 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 24-39.
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